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15th October

1582 The Gregorian Calendar was adopted by Italy, France and Spain (Oct 5 became Oct 15).

1608 * Evangelista Torricelli, Italian mathematician who invented the barometer in 1643.

1881 * P. G. Wodehouse, English novelist who created the characters Jeeves and Wooster.

1917 Mata Hari, World War I spy, was executed by a firing squad in Vincennes, France.

1920 * Mario Puzo, US novelist who wrote the best-seller The Godfather (1969).

1946 * Richard Carpenter, US singer who formed the Carpenters with his sister Karen.

1962 Amnesty International was founded in London.

1964 Nikita Kruschev was deposed as Russian leader by Leonid Brezhnev.

1969 Americans across the United States protested against the continuing war in Vietnam.

1976 Thomas Raymond Crozier and Rodney Shane McDowell, UDR members were jailed for 35 years in connection with the murders of members of the Miami Showband.

1987 The worst hurricane to hit Britain since records began devastated southern England.

1987 The Queen accepted the resignation of the Governor-General of Fiji following the military coup by Colonel Rambuka.

1993 Nelson Mandela and F W de Klerk were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for working to end apartheid in South Africa.

2001 A letter tainted with Anthrax is opened in the office of US Senate Leader Tom Daschle.

2003 China sent its first astronaut into space.

xxxx * = Date of birth

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