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17th October

1651 Charles II fled to France after being defeated by Oliver Cromwell at Worcester.

1860 The first professional golf tournament was held at Prestwick, Scotland.

1902 The first Cadillac motor car was made in Detroit, USA.

1915 * Arthur Miller, US playwright who wrote Death of a Salesman (1949).

1918 * Rita Hayworth, US actress and dancer who starred in the film Lady from Shanghai (1948).

1925 * Harry Carpenter, British television sports commentator.

1931 Mobster Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion for which he was sentenced to 11 years in prison.

1933 Albert Einstein arrived in the United States as a refugee from Nazi Germany.

1939 * Evel Knievel, US motorcycle stuntman.

1956 The Queen opened Britain's first nuclear power station, Calder Hall Cumberland.

1968 Two black Americans Tommie Smith and John Carlos, made history at the Mexico Olympics with a silent protest against racial discrimination.

1979 Mother Theresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her work with the poor in Calcutta, India.

1980 The Queen made the first state visit to the Vatican by a British monarch and was received by the Pope.

1989 An earthquake measuring 7.1 in magnitude killed 67 and injured over 3,000 in San Francisco.

2000 Four people were killed when a high speed passenger train derailed in Hatfield, just north of London.

xxxx * = Date of birth

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