1651 Charles II fled to France after being defeated by Oliver
Cromwell at Worcester.
1860 The first professional golf tournament was held at Prestwick,
1902 The first Cadillac motor car was made in Detroit, USA.
1915 * Arthur Miller, US playwright who wrote Death of a Salesman
1918 * Rita Hayworth, US actress and dancer who starred in the film
Lady from Shanghai (1948).
1925 * Harry Carpenter, British television sports commentator.
1931 Mobster Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion for which
he was sentenced to 11 years in prison.
1933 Albert Einstein arrived in the United States as a refugee from
1939 * Evel Knievel, US motorcycle stuntman.
1956 The Queen opened Britain's first nuclear power station, Calder
1968 Two black Americans Tommie Smith and John Carlos, made history
at the Mexico Olympics with a silent protest against racial
1979 Mother Theresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her work
with the poor in Calcutta, India.
1980 The Queen made the first state visit to the Vatican by a
British monarch and was received by the Pope.
1989 An earthquake measuring 7.1 in magnitude killed 67 and injured
over 3,000 in San Francisco.
2000 Four people were killed when a high speed passenger train
derailed in Hatfield, just north of London.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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