1781 The American War of Independence came to an end.
1812 French troops under Napoleon Bonaparte began their retreat from
1862 * Auguste Lumiére, French photographic pioneer who developed
1909 * Robert Beatty, Canadian actor who starred in the film 2001: A
Space Odyssey (1968).
1931 * John Le Carré, English novelist who wrote The Spy who came in
From the Cold (1963).
1940 * Michael Gambon, English stage and television actor.
1954 The public inquiry found that metal fatigue was the most likely
cause of two recent Comet airliner crashes.
1960 The United States imposed a partial embargo on goods exported
1967 The American spacecraft Mariner 5 successfully flew past the
planet Venus sending back the most detailed data.
1970 British oil company BP announced the first large oil field to
be found in the North Sea.
1977 The body of kidnapped German businessman Hanns-Martin Schleyer
was found in the boot of a car in France.
1987 'Black Monday' on Wall Street saw billions of dollars lost on
the world's stock markets.
1989 The 'Guildford Four' prisoners had their convictions quashed
after serving 15 years in jail.
2004 A senior aid worker for Care International, Margaret Hassan,
was kidnapped on her way to work in Iraq.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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