1648 The treaties for the Peace of Westphalia were signed, ending
the Thirty Years War, ultimately destroying the Holy Roman Empire,
and ushering in the modern European state system.
1861 The US transcontinental telegraph line was completed.
1901 Anna Edson Taylor became the first person to survive going over
Niagara Falls in a barrel.
1908 English suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst was sent to prison for
1923 * Sir Robin Day, English journalist and political commentator.
1924 * Jack Warner, English actor who played Dixon of Dock Green on
TV and film.
1931 Chicago gangster boss Al Capone was given an 11-year jail
sentence for tax evasion.
1936 * Bill Wyman, English bass guitarist with the rock group The
1945 Allies of World War II ratified the UN Charter at a ceremony in
1947 * Kevin Kline, US film actor.
1981 More than 250,000 CND supporters marched through London to
protest over the siting of nuclear missiles in the UK.
1983 Civil servant Dennis Nilsen went on trial accused of six
murders and two attempted murders. He later told police he had
killed 15 or 16 people.
1986 The UK government has broke off diplomatic relations with Syria
following revelations of official complicity in Nezar Hindawi's plot
to blow up an El Al airliner.
1989 US TV preacher Jim Bakker received a 45-year jail sentence for
swindling his followers.
2001 At least 10 people died after two lorries crash head-on and
caught fire inside the Gotthard road tunnel in Switzerland.
2003 Concorde, made its last commercial passenger flight amid
emotional scenes at Heathrow airport.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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