1517 Martin Luther posted his historic 95 Theses on the door of the
Wittenberg Palace church, marking the start of the Protestant
Reformation in Germany.
1795 * John Keats, English romantic poet who wrote 'Ode to a
1887 * Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese leader of the National People's
1888 Pneumatic bicycle tyres were patented by Scottish inventor John
1922 * Barbara Bel Geddes, US actress who starred in the TV series
1926 * Jimmy Saville, English radio and television presenter.
1940 The Battle of Britain ended with the RAF losing 915 aircraft to
the Luftwaffe's 1733.
1941 Work on the US Mount Rushmore monument was completed.
1952 The first hydrogen bomb was detonated by the US at Eniwetak
Atoll in the mid-Pacific.
1955 Princess Margaret called off her plans to marry divorced Group
Captain Peter Townsend.
1956 Rear Admiral G. J. Dufek became the first person to land an
airplane at the South Pole.
1971 An IRA bomb exploded in the Post Office tower causing extensive
1984 Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was shot dead by a Sikh
member of her bodyguards.
1997 A Boston jury found au pair Louise Woodward, 19, guilty of
second degree murder for killing the baby in her care.
1999 EgyptAir Flight 990 crashed into the Atlantic with the loss of
217 people aboard.
2003 Asia's longest-serving leader, the Malaysian Prime Minister
Mahathir Mohammed, retired after 22 years in power.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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