1913 * Vivien Leigh, English actress who played Scarlet O'Hara in
Gone With the Wind (1937).
1914 Cyprus was annexed to Britain.
1922 Howard Carter discovered Tutankhamen’s tomb in the Valley of
the Kings in Luxor.
1940 * Elke Sommer, German actress who appeared in the film A Shot
in the Dark (1964).
1942 * Art Garfunkel, US singer who partnered Paul Simon.
1952 General Dwight D Eisenhower swept to victory in the American
1963 * Tatum O'Neal, US actress who won an Oscar for the film Paper
1967 At least 40 people were killed and 80 hurt after a train
travelling from Hastings to Charing Cross derailed in south-east
1968 Richard Nixon was elected the 38th US President.
1978 Iran's Prime Minister Jaffer Sharif-Emami resigned after two
days of virtual mob rule.
1984 Nicaragua's ruling Sandinista Front claimed a decisive victory
in the country's first elections since the revolution five years
1991 English billionaire publisher Robert Maxwell was found drowned
off the Canary Islands.
1994 1994 George Foreman, 45, became the oldest ever heavyweight
champion when he knocked out Michael Moorer in Las Vegas.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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