1483 * Martin Luther, German religious reformer who began the
1871 Henry Morton Stanley made contact with David Livingstone at
Ujiji on Lake Tanganyika.
1889 * Claude Rains, English actor who starred in the film The
Invisible Man (1933).
1925 * Richard Burton, Welsh actor who starred in Who's Afraid of
Virginia Woolf? (1966).
1928 Hirohito was crowned Emperor of Japan.
1938 'Kristallnacht' - The Nazi's burned thousands of Jewish homes
and shops in Germany.
1944 * Tim Rice, English lyricist who worked with Andrew Lloyd
Webber on Evita (1978).
1960 Penguin's first run of the DH Lawrence's sexually explicit
novel Lady Chatterley's Lover banned for more than 30 years sold
1970 The Great Wall of China was opened to the world for tourism.
1980 Outspoken left-wing MP Michael Foot defeated Denis Healey in a
shock result to the Labour leadership contest.
1982 Speculation was growing that Leonid Brezhnev, who ruled the
Soviet Union for the past two decades, had died.
1989 Bulldozers began demolishing the 28 year-old Berlin Wall.
1995 The writer and human rights activist, Ken Saro-Wiwa, was
executed in Nigeria despite worldwide pleas for clemency.
1997 British au pair Louise Woodward was freed from jail in the
United States after her conviction for murdering a baby was reduced
xxxx * = Date of birth
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