1558 Queen Elizabeth I of England ascended to the throne upon the
death of Queen Mary.
1603 The trial of Sir Walter Raleigh began. He was falsely accused
1800 The US Congress met for the first time.
1869 The Suez Canal linking the Mediterranean Sea to the Gulf of
Suez on the Red Sea opened. This allowed water transport between
Europe and Asia without circumnavigation of Africa.
1887 * Field Marshal Viscount Montgomery, English commander in N.
Africa during World War 2.
1925 * Rock Hudson (Roy Scherer), US actor who starred with Doris
Day in the film Pillow Talk (1962).
1937 * Peter Cook, English writer and actor.
1942 * Martin Scorsese, US film director of the film Raging Bull
1953 Twenty Italian sailors died following a collision between An
Italian steamer Vittoria Claudia and French motor vessel Perou in
the English Channel.
1954 King Farouk of Egypt was exiled and General Nasser became head
1970 The unmanned Soviet spacecraft Luna 17 landed on the moon.
1986 The head of the Renault car company, Georges Besse, was
assassinated outside his home in Paris.
1989 Riot police in Prague arrested hundreds of people taking part
in the biggest show of public dissent in Czechoslovakia for 20
1997 More than 60 people were killed by Egyptian militants in an
attack on a group of foreign tourists visiting a temple in southern
2003 An ex-soldier who served in the Gulf War is found guilty of at
least one of the Washington sniper killings in October 2002. John
Allen Muhammad, 42, may now face the death penalty.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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