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19th November

1493 Christopher Columbus discovered Puerto Rico.

1831 * James Garfield, 20th US President from 1881 who was assassinated 3 months later.

1863 US President Abraham Lincoln delivered his famous Gettysburg address.

1888 * Josť Raul Capablanca, Cuban chess player and world champion from 1921-1927.

1893 The first colour supplement was published in the Sunday New York World.

1917 * Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India from 1966-77 and 1980-84.

1942 * Calvin Klein, American fashion designer.

1960 The first vertical take-off aircraft (British Hawkley Siddley) flew for the first time.

1963 * Jodie Foster, US film actress who starred in the film The Accused (1988).

1967 The Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, stood by his decision to devalue the pound.

1969 A second crew of astronauts landed on the Moon with the Apollo 12 mission to the Ocean of Storms.

1977 The president of Egypt, Anwar Sadat, becomes the first Arab leader ever to visit Israel.

1985 The first meeting in six years between the world's superpowers began in Switzerland where Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev met for the first time.

1987 A 1931 Bugatti Royale motor car was sold at auction for £5.5 million.

1994 Britain's first national lottery draw was shown live on a flagship BBC One show.

xxxx * = Date of birth

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