1718 Edward Teach "Blackbeard the pirate", was killed off the east
coast of North America.
1808 * Thomas Cook, Founder of the Thomas Cook travel agents.
1819 * George Eliot (Mary Evans), female author who wrote Silas
1842 US volcano Mount St Helens in Washington state erupted, with
ash falling up to 50 miles away.
1890 * General Charles de Gaulle, French President from 1959 - 1970.
1906 At the International Radio Telegraphic Convention in Berlin,
"S-O-S" was adopted as the distress signal.
1932 * Robert Vaughn, US actor who starred in the TV series The Man
1946 The first biro ballpoint pen went on sale, invented by
Hungarian Laslo Biro.
1958 * Jamie Lee Curtis, US actress and daughter of US actor Tony
1963 US President John F. Kennedy was assassinated while on a visit
to Dallas, Texas.
1971 Five teenagers and their female instructor died in one of
Scotland's worst mountaineering accidents.
1975 King Juan Carlos was sworn in as King of Spain following the
death of Franco.
1986 Mike Tyson became the youngest ever world heavyweight boxing
champion, aged 20.
1990 A tearful Margaret Thatcher quit as British prime minister.
1995 Britain's most prolific female serial killer, Rosemary West,
was sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of 10 young women
1997 The lead singer of Australian rock band INXS and partner of
British television star Paula Yates, was found dead in Sydney.
2003 In a nail biting final in Sydney, England's rugby team won the
World Cup, beating Australia 20-17.
2005 Angela Merkel, leader of the Christian Democrats, was sworn in
as Germany's first woman chancellor.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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