Today Yesterday



1st December

1135 King Henry I died near Rouen, in France.

1640 Portugal regained its independence from Spain.

1761 * Madame Marie Tussaud, founder of the famous waxworks museum in London.

1887 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes appeared for the first time in print in the story "A Study in Scarlet".

1935 * Woody Allen (Allen Konisberg), US comedian and writer who starred in Annie Hall (1977).

1939 The film Gone With the Wind premiered in New York, USA.

1940 * Richard Pryor, US comedy actor who won an Oscar for The Lady Sings the Blues (1972).

1940 Mike Denness, former Kent and England cricket captain.

1942 The British Government unveiled Beveridge plan for a welfare state offering care to all from the cradle to the grave.

1943 Allied leaders of Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union held a landmark conference in Teheran, the capital of Iran.

1945 * Bette Midler, US comedienne and actress who starred in The Rose (1979).

1953 Marilyn Monroe featured as the nude centrefold in the first edition of Playboy magazine.

1955 A black woman Mrs Rosa Parks was arrested by police in Montgomery, Alabama, after refusing to give up her seat on the bus to a white person.

1966 The first ever issue of "Christmas" stamps by the British Post Office.

1973 Israel's flags flew at half-mast today after former Israeli statesmen David Ben-Gurion died.

1986 Guinness shares plunge by 300m as the government ordered an inquiry into the affairs of the company.

1988 Benazir Bhutto was appointed as Pakistan's' Prime Minister.

1990 Britain and France were joined for the first time in thousands of years when the two halves of the English Channel Tunnel were joined under the sea.

xxxx * = Date of birth

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