1135 King Henry I died near Rouen, in France.
1640 Portugal regained its independence from Spain.
1761 * Madame Marie Tussaud, founder of the famous waxworks museum
1887 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes appeared for the first
time in print in the story "A Study in Scarlet".
1935 * Woody Allen (Allen Konisberg), US comedian and writer who
starred in Annie Hall (1977).
1939 The film Gone With the Wind premiered in New York, USA.
1940 * Richard Pryor, US comedy actor who won an Oscar for The Lady
Sings the Blues (1972).
1940 Mike Denness, former Kent and England cricket captain.
1942 The British Government unveiled Beveridge plan for a welfare
state offering care to all from the cradle to the grave.
1943 Allied leaders of Britain, the United States and the Soviet
Union held a landmark conference in Teheran, the capital of Iran.
1945 * Bette Midler, US comedienne and actress who starred in The
1953 Marilyn Monroe featured as the nude centrefold in the first
edition of Playboy magazine.
1955 A black woman Mrs Rosa Parks was arrested by police in
Montgomery, Alabama, after refusing to give up her seat on the bus
to a white person.
1966 The first ever issue of "Christmas" stamps by the British Post
1973 Israel's flags flew at half-mast today after former Israeli
statesmen David Ben-Gurion died.
1986 Guinness shares plunge by £300m as the government ordered an
inquiry into the affairs of the company.
1988 Benazir Bhutto was appointed as Pakistan's' Prime Minister.
1990 Britain and France were joined for the first time in thousands
of years when the two halves of the English Channel Tunnel were
joined under the sea.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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