1753 * Samuel Crompton, English inventor of the spinning-mule.
1795 * Sir Roland Hill, Postal Pioneer and founder of the "Penny
1818 Illinois became the 21st US state.
1894 Robert Louis Stevenson, author of 'Kidnapped' and 'Treasure
Island, died on the island of Samoa.
1910 Neon lighting, invented by Frenchman George Claude, was
displayed for the first time.
1926 Novelist Agatha Christie mysteriously disappeared from her
Surrey home for 14 days.
1930 * Andy Williams, US ballad singer who sang the song 'Butterfly'
1946 * Paul Nicholas, English actor and singer who starred in the TV
series Just Good Friends.
1952 * Mel Smith, English comedy actor.
1965 For the first time an all-white jury convicted members of the
KKK over the murder of a white civil rights activist Viola Liuzzo.
1967 Dr. Christiaan Barnard carried out the worlds first heart
transplant on Louis Washansky, in South Africa.
1971 India declared a state of emergency as airports are hit during
a Pakistani air raid attack on the country.
1972 The worst air crash in Spanish aviation history happened in the
1984 A dense cloud of lethal gas escaped from an American-owned
Union Carbide Pesticide Plant in the central Indian city of Bhopal,
killing many thousands of people.
1988 Health minister Edwina Currie provoked outrage by saying most
of Britain's egg production was infected with the salmonella
1989 Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, and US President George Bush
declared an end to the Cold War at the Malta summit.
1992 Emergency services dealt with casualties at the scene of two
bomb blasts in the centre of Manchester.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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