1154 Nicholas Breakspear became Adrian IV, the only Englishman to
1791 Britain's oldest Sunday newspaper, The Observer, was first
1892 * General Francesco Franco, Spanish dictator and head of
government in 1939.
1922 * Deanna Durbin, Canadian singer and actress.
1930 * Ronnie Corbett, Scottish-born comedian and one half of a
double act with Ronnie Barker.
1932 * Maria Callas, Greek/American operatic soprano was born in New
1937 Cartoon character "Desperate Dan", appeared in the first ever
issue, of the "Dandy" comic.
1949 * Jeff Bridges, US actor who starred in the film The Fabulous
Baker Boys (1989).
1961 The birth control pill became available on the British National
1965 The US launched the Gemini VII spacecraft to link up with
Gemini VI in space.
1971 At least 10 people died and 17 were injured after a bomb
exploded in McGurk's Bar, a crowded Catholic pub in Belfast.
1976 Tributes were paid to a modest and "brilliant" composer
Benjamin Britten, 63, who died at his home in Aldeburgh, in Suffolk.
1988 South West England was buffeted by 70mph gale force winds,
causing considerable damage.
1991 The final American hostage in Lebanon, Terry Anderson, was
released by his captors after almost seven years of captivity.
2003 The United States withdrew a punitive tax on imported steel to
avoid a damaging trade war between America and Europe.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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