1832 * Alexandre Gustav Eiffel, French engineer who built the tower
in Paris in 1899.
1859 * Dr. Lazarus Zamenof, Polish linguist, inventor of the
artificial language Esperanto (1887).
1890 Sioux Indian chief Sitting Bull was killed by police, in South
1892 * Jean Paul Getty, US multimillionaire chairman of the Getty
Oil Company from 1947.
1906 The Piccadilly branch of the London Underground system opened
1939 Nylon yarn was first produced commercially in Delaware, USA.
1944 Band leader Glenn Miller disappeared in a plane over the
1951 * Joe Jordan, former Scottish international soccer player.
1964 The Canadian Parliament adopted the maple leaf as the official
symbol of Canada.
1966 Walt Disney, the creator of Mickey Mouse and the Walt Disney
1978 Laser videodiscs were launched in Atlanta, Georgia by Philips.
1979 Canadians Chris Haney and Scott Abbott devised the board game,
1982 Spain opened the border with Gibraltar for the first time in 13
1993 John Major and Albert Reynolds signed the historic Joint
Declaration for Peace in Northern Ireland.
2004 The Home Secretary, David Blunkett, resigned after an email
implicated him in using his position to grant favours to his
ex-lover Kimberly Quinn.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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