1858 * Giacomo Puccini, Italian composer of the opera Madame
1877 Liquid oxygen was formulated by Raoul Pictet in Geneva.
1895 Wilhelm Rontgen made the first radiograph (X-ray) of his wife's
1907 * Dame Peggy Ashcroft, English stage and film actress.
1943 The famous children's writer, Beatrix Potter, died.
1948 * Noel Edmonds, British disc jockey and television presenter.
1949 * Maurice and Robin Gibb, members of the pop group The Bee
1972 The Chilean Air Force found 14 survivors two months after their
plane crashed in the Andes.
1974 Terrorists bombed the home of the Conservative leader and
former Prime Minister Edward Heath.
1975 Pro-Palestinian terrorists seized 70 hostages at OPEC's
headquarters in Vienna.
1989 Berlin's most famous landmark, the Brandenburg Gate, opened for
the first time in nearly 30 years.
1989 Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu was overthrown in a bloody
1997 Agriculture Minister Jack Cunningham announced an independent
inquiry into the BSE "disaster" and the devastation it wreaked on
2000 American superstar Madonna married British film maker Guy
Ritchie at an exclusive ceremony in Skibo Castle near Dornoch in
2003 Guerrillas in Colombia released the Briton Mark Henderson and
four Israelis who were kidnapped in September.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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